Our skin is bestowed with a wonderful colour and tone. Each individual is unique in their skin colour, tone, type and texture. The reason for skin colour is the presence of melanin pigment which is stored as granules in melanocytes or pigment containing cells. More the melanin, darker is the skin. Lesser the melanin, lighter is the skin. It is not the melanin which makes a person unattractive, rather, it is the uneven and excess distribution of melanin that is not desirable. In general we call it pigmentation which is, abnormal and excess deposition of melanin in the skin.
Causes of Pigmentation
Melasma- patchy pigmentation on cheeks
Post inflammatory pigmentation due to acne, injury, skin disease, excess cosmetic use etc.
Photopigmentation due to prolonged sun exposure, also called tanning.
Birthmarks- nevus of Ota, melanocytic nevi.
Freckles/sun spots, seborrheic keratoses etc.
Pigmentation treatment refers to a variety of non-surgical procedures that aim to correct or improve the appearance of uneven skin pigmentation. The treatment can be used to address a wide range of skin pigmentation issues, including dark spots, age spots, sun damage, and melasma.
One of the most common pigmentation treatment methods is the use of topical agents such as hydroquinone, retinoids, and vitamin C. These agents work by inhibiting the production of melanin, which is the pigment responsible for skin color. Other topical treatments include chemical peels and microdermabrasion, which help to exfoliate the skin and promote cell turnover.
Laser therapy is another popular pigmentation treatment method that uses focused light energy to target pigmented areas of the skin. The laser energy heats the pigmented cells, causing them to break down and be absorbed by the body. The procedure is minimally invasive and can be used to treat a range of pigmentation issues, including age spots, sun damage, and melasma.Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) therapy is another non-invasive pigmentation treatment method that uses light energy to target pigmented areas of the skin. The treatment is particularly effective for treating areas of the skin that have been exposed to sun damage, such as the face, neck, and hands.
It is important to have a consultation with a qualified skin specialist to determine the most suitable pigmentation treatment method for you and to discuss the potential risks and benefits of the procedure. While pigmentation treatment can be effective in improving the appearance of uneven skin pigmentation, individual results may vary, and the treatment may not be suitable for all skin types or pigmentation issues.