Epididymis biopsy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a small sample of tissue from the epididymis, a small, coiled tube located behind the testicles that carries and stores sperm. The procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis.
Epididymis biopsy is most commonly performed to diagnose the cause of male infertility, particularly if there is a blockage in the epididymis that is preventing the normal flow of sperm. The sample of tissue is examined under a microscope to identify any abnormalities, such as inflammation or infection.
The procedure is generally safe, although some potential risks include bleeding, infection, and damage to the epididymis or surrounding tissue.
Overall, epididymis biopsy is a useful diagnostic tool that can provide valuable information about the health of the male reproductive system. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of this procedure with a qualified healthcare provider to determine if it is the right choice for an individual's specific situation.