Erectile dysfunction treatment- based on treatment modality
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common condition that affects many men. It is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. There are several treatment options available for ED, including oral medications and injections.
Oral medications, also known as phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, are the most commonly prescribed treatment for ED. These medications, such as sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra), work by increasing blood flow to the penis, making it easier to achieve and maintain an erection. They are usually taken 30 minutes to an hour before sexual activity and can last for up to 4-5 hours.
Injections, also known as extracavernous injections, involve injecting medication directly into the penis to achieve an erection. The most commonly used medication for this type of treatment is alprostadil, which works by relaxing the smooth muscle tissue in the penis and increasing blood flow. The injection is given with a small needle, and the erection usually lasts for up to an hour.
Both oral medications and injections are effective in treating ED, with success rates of up to 70-80%. However, they do have some potential side effects, such as headaches, flushing, and upset stomach with oral medications, and penile pain, bruising, and scarring with injections.
It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of these treatments with a qualified healthcare provider to determine which option is best for an individual's specific situation. Other treatment options, such as penile implants, vacuum erection devices, and psychotherapy, may also be considered.