Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery, is a medical procedure that is designed to help individuals with obesity lose weight and improve their overall health. The surgery is typically recommended for individuals who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or a BMI of 35 or higher with one or more obesity-related health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, or high blood pressure.
There are several types of bariatric surgery, including gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric banding, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. Each type of surgery works by limiting the amount of food that the stomach can hold, or by altering the way that the body absorbs nutrients.
Bariatric surgery can help individuals lose a significant amount of weight, and can improve or even resolve obesity-related health conditions. However, the surgery does carry some risks, including bleeding, infection, and complications from anesthesia. It is important for individuals considering bariatric surgery to have a thorough evaluation with a qualified bariatric surgeon to determine if they are a good candidate for the procedure and to discuss the potential risks and benefits.
After bariatric surgery, individuals will need to make significant lifestyle changes, including adopting a healthy diet and exercise regimen, and attending regular follow-up appointments with their healthcare team to monitor their progress and address any concerns.